While the continent's diverse and unique wildlife is often all that is mentioned in regards to African travel, as home to the oldest civilizations on the planet, Africa has equally impressive cultures and history. The most famous civilization on the continent, and arguably in the world, is that of ancient Egypt. From the southern city of Abu Simbel to Luxor and all the way north to Alexandria and Cairo, including the Pyramids of Giza, the only surviving of the original Seven Wonders of the World and the most iconic symbols of this ancient kingdom. Sites from the Nubian-Kushite Kingdom that broke away from Egypt can be found in Sudan, such as Gebel Barkal and many other pyramids in Meroe.

Ethiopia offers many ruins from the ancient Axumite Kingdom where the Queen of Sheba ruled. The obelisks and Dungur ruins in Axum were built prior to the kingdom's conversion to Christianity, while many other great monuments, such as the Ezana Stone and the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion, where the Arc of the Covenant is said to be stored, were built after the conversion as religious sites. Other famous Christian structures built later by the kingdom's successor, the Abyssinian Empire, especially during the 12th and 13th centuries, can also be found in Lalibela.

In West Africa, structures from the ancient Mali Empire can be found in Timbuktu and Djenne. Although there are Islamic influences, the architectural style of the Malian Kingdom's mosques are still quite unique and recognizably African. The cliff dwellings in Mali's Dogon Country, built by the Dogon people, are also impressive ancient structures in Mali. Often overshadowed by Africa's other monuments, Sungbo's Eredo in Ijebu Ode, Nigeria, built by the Yoruba people, is actually the largest pre-colonial structure remaining on the continent. Today it towers over the city, covered in vegetation.

Ruins from the ancient Swahili culture can be found in the coastal areas of East Africa, particularly in Kenya and Tanzania. The Swahili structures combines elements of African architecture with Islamic architecture, which was quite prominent around the 14th century. Some of the most famous Swahili structures include the Gedi Ruins and Pillar Tombs around Malindi and Kilwa Kisiwani. Zanzibar's Stone Town features Swahili structures spanning hundreds of years from its early days to the 18th century.

In Southern Africa, the ruins of Great Zimbabwe have fascinated visitors ever since Europeans discovered them. No one had believed that the inhabitants of black Africa were capable of creating any great monuments on their own until the ruins of this ancient culture were discovered.

Roman structures are scattered throughout North Africa, with the ancient city of Carthage being the most well-known abroad. Many cities, such as Leptis Magna, Timgad, and Dougga feature Roman ruins as impressive as those in Europe itself. Many other European structures can be found throughout the continent, dating back to the earliest days of imperialism.

Tours


  • GLOBUS 2025: Independent South African Sojourn (IQS1)

    Explore South Africa from A to Zebra on this incredible Independence by Globus Africa adventure.

  • Colors of Morocco

    Get to know the vibrant culture and colorful backdrops that are distinctively Morocco. Explore Fes, one of the holiest cities in the world, on a walking tour in the Medina, where donkeys and mules laden with goods still walk the ancient market.

  • KARIBU KENYA (SPECIAL SAFARI) 2024


  • 2025: South Africa: From the Cape to Kruger (3800)

    Enthralling game drives, stunning scenery, and fun experiences?this South Africa tour has it all!


  • Kenya & Tanzania: A Classic Safari

    This classic African safari evokes safaris of yesteryear... you'll embark on an expedition to get to know the world's most majestic animals, the Big Five, in their natural habitats within the magnificent national parks of Kenya and Tanzania.

  • Highlights of Kenya

    Tour Type: RegionalBrochure Type: Africa Costsaver 2024 v1From the bright lights of Nairobi to the vast plains of the Maasai Mara, this trip is a tantalising whirlwind of wildlife, culture and natural beauty.


  • 2024: On Safari in Kenya & Tanzania (3550)

    Explore magnificent national parks and reserves on this exciting Kenya and Tanzania safari. Travel from Nairobi to Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya's most famous game area.

  • KENYA LUXURY SAFARI 2024

  • Spain & Morocco

    Make your way across two continents and discover a vivid tapestry of cultures, customs, and cuisines on this enchanting journey through Spain and Morocco. In Spain's historic capital of Madrid, discover dynamic history and culture.


  • GLOBUS 2025: Moroccan Escape (KMAX)

    Your escorted tour of Morocco is an escape from the crowds typically found at busier times of the year. Begin your vacation with a welcome dinner in legendary Casablanca.


  • Magic of Morocco

    Morocco... ancient cities, medinas, kasbahs, and souks... windswept coastline and desert treasures...


  • Namibia: Epic Safari

    Embark on an epic 11-day journey to Namibia, home to the Big Daddy of sand dunes, desert landscapes alive with oryx, bar-eared foxes, zebras, lizards and more, pristine beaches that line the coast, and game reserves where rhinos flourish.


  • GLOBUS 2024: Kenya: A Classic Safari with Nairobi (QKQ)

    When's the last time you laughed like a hyena? Pack your khakis, greys, and greens and get ready for the ride of your life-or rides, rather!

  • KILIMANJARO SAFARI (KENYA AND TANZANIA) 2024

  • Best of Morocco

    Tour Type: Country ExplorerBrochure Type: TT Europe Winter 23 24 v2An in-depth Morocco trip featuring all the exciting sights, sounds and flavours befitting of its status as the gateway to Africa.

  • STEP INTO NATURE: KENYA'S GUIDED WALK SAFARI 2024

  • The Plains of Africa

    Enjoy Kenya's scenic vistas and magnificent wildlife as you traverse the African plains on an intimate safari adventure. In Swahili, 'Safari' means Journey; to you, it will mean that - and so much more.


  • 2024: On Safari in Kenya with Nairobi (3513)

    Explore magical national parks and reserves on this exciting Kenya safari. Your adventure begins in Nairobi where you'll visit the Giraffe Center and meet elephant calves orphaned by poachers at the Sheldrick Wildlife Trust orphanage.


  • GLOBUS 2025: Kenya: A Classic Safari with Nairobi (QKQ)

    When's the last time you laughed like a hyena? Pack your khakis, greys, and greens and get ready for the ride of your life-or rides, rather!


  • 2025: Highlights of South Africa with Victoria Falls (3857)

    From historical sites to natural wonders, your tour of South Africa and Victoria Falls is an adventure like no other.Start in Cape Town where you'll ascend Table Mountain via cable car for spectacular views.

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